Antibody-mediated protection against SHIV challenge includes systemic clearance of distal virus.

TitleAntibody-mediated protection against SHIV challenge includes systemic clearance of distal virus.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLiu J, Ghneim K, Sok D, Bosche WJ, Li Y, Chipriano E, Berkemeier B, Oswald K, Borducchi E, Cabral C, Peter L, Brinkman A, Shetty M, Jimenez J, Mondesir J, Lee B, Giglio P, Chandrashekar A, Abbink P, Colantonio A, Gittens C, Baker C, Wagner W, Lewis MG, Li W, Sekaly R-P, Lifson JD, Burton DR, Barouch DH
JournalScience
Volume353
Issue6303
Pagination1045-1049
Date Published09/02/2016
ISSN1095-9203
Abstract

HIV-1-specific broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) can protect rhesus monkeys against simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) challenge. However, the site of antibody interception of virus and the mechanism of antibody-mediated protection remain unclear. We administered a fully protective dose of the bNAb PGT121 to rhesus monkeys and challenged them intravaginally with SHIV-SF162P3. In PGT121-treated animals, we detected low levels of viral RNA and viral DNA in distal tissues for seven days following challenge. Viral RNA-positive tissues showed transcriptomic changes indicative of innate immune activation, and cells from these tissues initiated infection after adoptive transfer into naïve hosts. These data demonstrate that bNAb-mediated protection against a mucosal virus challenge can involve clearance of infectious virus in distal tissues.

DOI10.1126/science.aag0491
Alternate JournalScience
PubMed ID27540005
Grant ListUM1 AI100645 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
UM1 AI100663 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
U19 AI095985 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
U19 AI096040 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
UM1 AI124377 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
HHSN261200800001C / RC / CCR NIH HHS / United States
P30 AI060354 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
HHSN261200800001E / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
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