Proteomic Profiling of a Primary CD4 T Cell Model of HIV-1 Latency Identifies Proteins Whose Differential Expression Correlates with Reactivation of Latent HIV-1.

Mon, 04/30/2018 - 10:22am -- dana
TitleProteomic Profiling of a Primary CD4 T Cell Model of HIV-1 Latency Identifies Proteins Whose Differential Expression Correlates with Reactivation of Latent HIV-1.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsSaha JMd, Liu H, Hu P-W, Nikolai BC, Wu H, Miao H, Rice AP
JournalAIDS Res Hum Retroviruses
Volume34
Issue1
Pagination103-110
Date Published2018 Jan
ISSN1931-8405
Abstract

The latent HIV-1 reservoir of memory CD4 T cells that persists during combination antiviral therapy prevents a cure of infection. Insight into mechanisms of latency and viral reactivation are essential for the rational design of strategies to reduce the latent reservoir. In this study, we quantified the levels of >2,600 proteins in the CCL19 primary CD4 T cell model of HIV-1 latency. We profiled proteins under conditions that promote latent infection and after cells were treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) + ionomycin, which is known to efficiently induce reactivation of latent HIV-1. In an analysis of cells from two healthy blood donors, we identified 61 proteins that were upregulated ≥2-fold, and 36 proteins that were downregulated ≥2-fold under conditions in which latent viruses were reactivated. These differentially expressed proteins are, therefore, candidates for cellular factors that regulate latency or viral reactivation. Two unexpected findings were obtained from the proteomic data: (1) the interactions among the majority of upregulated proteins are largely undetermined in published protein-protein interaction networks and (2) downregulated proteins are strongly associated with Gene Ontology terms related to mitochondrial protein synthesis. This proteomic data set provides a useful resource for future mechanistic studies of HIV-1 latency.

DOI10.1089/AID.2017.0077
Alternate JournalAIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses
PubMed ID29084447
PubMed Central IDPMC5771535
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