|Title||T follicular helper cell differentiation, function, and roles in disease.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Keywords||Animals, Antibodies, B-Lymphocytes, DNA-Binding Proteins, Germinal Center, Hematopoiesis, Humans, Immunologic Memory, Interleukin-12 Subunit p35, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Signal Transduction, T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer|
Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are specialized providers of T cell help to B cells, and are essential for germinal center formation, affinity maturation, and the development of most high-affinity antibodies and memory B cells. Tfh cell differentiation is a multistage, multifactorial process involving B cell lymphoma 6 (Bcl6) and other transcription factors. This article reviews understanding of Tfh cell biology, including their differentiation, migration, transcriptional regulation, and B cell help functions. Tfh cells are critical components of many protective immune responses against pathogens. As such, there is strong interest in harnessing Tfh cells to improve vaccination strategies. Tfh cells also have roles in a range of other diseases, particularly autoimmune diseases. Overall, there have been dramatic advances in this young field, but there is much to be learned about Tfh cell biology in the interest of applying that knowledge to biomedical needs.
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4223692|
|Grant List||R01 AI063107 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States |
R01 AI072543 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
U19 AI090970 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
U19 AI109976 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
T follicular helper cell differentiation, function, and roles in disease.